Death, after life and beneficial actions for the deceased

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Question:

Assalamu Alaykum,

1.After the one dies, is Jannat and Azaab determined immediately or does one await the day of judgement.

2. For example a family member passed away , can they see us ( immediate family) and they acknowledge/accept Sadqa e Jaria?

3. What are the highly acceptable Sadqa e Jaria?

4. What is Yesal sawab? How many types are there?

Jzk Allah

Answer:

Wa alaykum salam.

1. It is mentioned in a hadith:
“When one of you dies, his resting place is shown to him morning and evening, if he is from the people of Paradise, then [his place will be] from the people of Paradise, and if he is from the people of the Fire, then [his place will be] from the people of Fire, and it will be said, ‘this is your resting place until Allah resurrects you on the Day of Judgment.’” [al-Bukhārī, Muslim].

The above is for people in general.
For the martyrs it has been stated
that they will receive a unique rank in that their souls will enjoy the gardens of Paradise even before the Day of Resurrection. Evidence for this is the hadith narrated by Muslim:

“Indeed the souls of the martyrs are in the hearts of green birds, and they have lanterns hanging from the throne of Allah. They roam around in Paradise wherever they wish and then they return to their lanterns. Their Lord casts a glance at them and asks, “Do you desire anything?” They say, “What can we desire for when we roam around in Paradise wherever we wish?” He asks them this three times. When they realize that they will not cease to be questioned, they say, “O Lord! We wish that You return our souls to our bodies in order that we be killed in Your Path again.” When it is realized that they have no want, they will be left [to their joy].”

2. Ibn Al-Qayyim
quoted  Ibn ‘Abd Al-Barr as saying that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, mentioned that whenever a Muslim passes by the grave of another Muslim whom he used to know and greets him, Allah The Almighty restores his soul so he can return the greeting. This is a Sharee’ah text that indicates that a dead person can recognize (not necessarily see) a living person and return their greeting. Also, the command to greet them indicates that they can hear, because greeting occurs in the form of speech and requires a person to be able to hear to receive it.
Some scholars have mentioned that the dead benefit from this greeting because it alleviates their torment and gives them a sense of safety. Ibn Taymiyyah stated that a dead person can hear in general the speech of the living. However, this hearing is not necessarily continuous…

3. It says in Tuhfat al-Muhtaaj (7/72):
The deceased can benefit from charity given on his behalf, which includes a waqf of a Mus-haf(Quran that will be recited) etc, or digging a well, or planting a tree (that people benefit from), whether he does that during his lifetime or it is done by someone else on his behalf after his death.

With regard to the best ways of benefiting the deceased parents, one should make a lot of du’aa’ for them. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“and say: ‘My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young’”

[al-Isra’ 17:24]

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When a person dies, all his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity, or beneficial knowledge, or a righteous child who will pray for him.”

With regard to charity, the best things on which charity may be spent are on those striving (jihad) for the sake of Allah, building mosques, and helping seekers of knowledge by printing books for them or giving them money that they need. And Allah knows best.

4. Esaal e thawab (Conveying the rewards of good deeds to the deceased).

Although there is a difference of opinion on this issue, there are numerous Ahadith to prove that the rewards of the Qur’an and good actions reach and benefit the deceased when performed on their behalf.

Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports that the Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said:

When a person passes away, then all his actions cease except for three: a) Sadaqah Jaariyah (perpetuating charity), b) Knowledge which he imparted and is now being benefitted from or c) a pious child who will make Dua for him. (Sahih Muslim, Hadith #: 1631)

In the chapter titled “recitation by the deceased”, Imam Abu Dawood (Rahimahullah) transmitted the Hadith reported by Sayyiduna Ma’qal bin Yasar (Radiyallahu Anhu) that the Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said:

“Recite Surah Yaseen upon your dead”(Abu Dawood, Hadith #: 3121)

Allamah Ayni (Rahimahullah) states:

The rewards of all good actions benefit the dead including Salaah, fasting, Hajj, charity, Zikr etc (Ramzul Haqa’iq)

In Sahih al-Bukhari, the narration from Sayyidatuna Aa’ishah (Radiyallahu Anha) is recorded where a man came to the Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and asked him:

“My mother passed away suddenly and she did not get a chance to make a bequest. I think that if she had a chance, she would have given charity. So if I give charity on her behalf, will she be rewarded and will I also be rewarded?

The Prophet of Allah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied in the affirmative. (Sahih al-Bukhari, Hadith #: 2717)

These are just a few narrations from the many that establish that reciting the Qur’an and performing good deeds on behalf of the deceased will benefit them in their graves. One should continue doing good deeds on behalf of deceased parents etc, be it in the form of charity, keeping optional fasts, optional Salaah, Istighfar, Zikr or the recitation of the Qur’an etc and all of this will benefit them Insha Allah.

Allah knows best.

Answered by
Shayk Mohammed Shakeeb.

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