Dua after Salaat – Raising hands in dua
Assalam O Alaikum
Question for IGP
I have often witnessed that imam and congregants make congregational prayer (Dua) by raising their hands behind imam after every fard salah. I understand importance and virtues of making duaa to Allah (swt) but is this practise proven by Quran and Sunnah to be performed in a congregation?
Wa alaykum salam.
The supplication after the obligatory prayer is not an innovation; rather, this is desirable and permissible, as this was confirmed from the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم in many Ahadeeth.
Therefore, it is permissible for a worshipper after concluding the prayer with Salam to mention the legislated Athkaar, and when he finishes them, he raises his hands and supplicates with whatever he wishes.
Al-Bukhaari wrote a Chapter about this entitled: ‘Chapter: Supplication after the Prayer’.
As far as offering du‘aa’ after salaat in congregation in the sense that the imam makes a du‘aa’ and the rest say Ameen, in this case, there is nothing wrong with it if it is done occasionally, but if it becomes a custom that is done regularly, and the people understand that it is necessary to do it then it becomes a bid‘ah (innovation).
To sum up, supplication after the prayer is permissible, and it is acceptable to leave it sometimes if it is feared that people would think that it is an obligatory act of worship which the worshiper is obliged to do; and it is permissible to raise the hands when supplicating for the general meaning of the Hadeeth that reads “Your Lord is bashful to turn away His slave empty-handed (i.e. not responded to) when he raises them (his hands) to Him asking Him for any good.” [Abu Daawood, At-Tirmithi and Ibn Maajah]
Maulana Yusuf Binori (RA) mentions: “Even though at times congregational dua took place but this was not the common regular practise of Nabi(Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) nor of the Sahaba (RA). It only took place on special occasions (like when in war, Istasqaa etc.). Had it been practised (regularly) it would have been narrated by many narrators. An action carried out five times a day in public, how is it possible that no one mentions it? General Ahadeeth cannot be used to prove something at a specific times.
غیر انّه یظهر بعد البحث والتحقیق انّه وان وقع ذلک احیاناً عند حاجات خاصة لم تکن سنّة مستمرة له صلی الله علیه وسلم ولا لصحابة رضی الله عنهم والاکان ان ینتقل متواتراً البتة۔ فان ما یعمل به علی روسِ الاشهاد کل یوم خمس مرّات کیف یهمل ذکرہ فلا یکفی العموم فی مثل هذہ المواقع الخاصّة ( دعا
بعد الفرائض 22 ، معارف السنن 3/124)
On been questioned regarding the congregational supplication after the Fardh Salaah in a loud tone Mufti Taqi Uthmani Saheb (DB) answers as follows:
“Congregational supplication; is never reported to be performed by the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) in the manner explained in your question. It appears from the relevant ahadeeth that in the days of the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) he used to pray on his own; even after salah. But at the same time there is no clear injunction in the Holy Quraan or in the Sunnah which prohibits such congregational supplications. In view of both these aspects, the correct position is that the congregational supplications are neither a sunnah nor something prohibited. It is only one of the several permissible ways of performing supplication.
However, if somebody takes this congregational method as obligatory or as a sunnah of the Holy Prophet e: then this wrong concept will render this practice a bidah ” (innovation), hence impermissible, because a practice which was not obligatory or a sunnah at the time of the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) cannot be held as such after him. It will be a self-coined addition to the prescribed ways of worship, which is termed as bid’ah in the words of the Holy Prophet t!!t and is strictly prohibited.
“In the light of this principle, if the congregational way of supplication is adopted only for the convenience for the audience, without taking this particular manner as an obligatory method or a sunnah of the Holy Prophet (Sallaho Alaihe Wassallam) it is quite in order in the Shariah. But if this method is observed with a belief of its being obligatory or a sunnah, it is not allowed” “It is noticed that where congregational supplications are permanently observed, it sometimes creates an impression that such collective supplications is a necessary part of the salah, since this impression is not correct, as discussed earlier, it is advisable to avoid congregational form of supplication at frequent occassion s, and to educate the people about the correct position as mentioned above. ”
(Contemporary Fatawa Pg 32 – 33 )
Shaykh Mohammed Shakeeb.