Qadah of Broken Itikaf

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بسم لله الرّحمن الرّحیم

 

Question:

I intend sitting for sunnah I’tikaf during these last 10 days of Ramadan however, with the current Covid situation and sudden lockdowns, if a lockdown were to be implemented and I have to leave the masjid due to restrictions and break my sunnah itikaf, do I need to make a
qadha of it and repeat/discharge it at a later time, and if so, how should this be done?

 

Answer:

If due to Covid restrictions a lockdown occurs whereby the sunnah i’tikaf cannot continue in line with the implemented restrictions, this will constitute a valid reason (‘uthr) to break the i’tikaf and leave the masjid.

In the Hanafi School due to having broken the Sunnah I’tikaf, a qadha will have to be made, the details of which are as follows:

1. Only a single days qadha (i.e. only the day on which the i’tikaf was broken will need to be made qadha of) – not the entire 10 days or days which were missed after breaking the i’tikaf.

2. If the i’tikaf was broken during the day, then only a daytime i’tikaf will need to be made i.e. one will need to remain in the masjid for daylight hours from before the entry of fajr time (subh sadiq – true dawn) until sunset (maghrib). This can be any day of the year and not restricted to ramadan but, one will need to fast on this day. If it is done outside of ramadan, it will be kept with an intention of an optional/nafl fast.

3. If the i’tikaf was broken at night (between maghrib and entry of fajr), then the qadha will be a full 24-hour day/night cycle beginning from BEFORE sunset until the next day sunset. This day will also need to be accompanied by a nafl/optional fast.1 According to the Shaf’I school, there will no qadha required to be made in any form.

And Allah Ta’ala knows best.

 

And Allah Ta’ala knows best.

ANSWERED BY:
Shaykh Shabir Moosa

Date: 02/05/2021

( 1(حاشیة رد المحتار: أیج أیم سعید كمبنى: ج: ٢ ص: ٤٤٤ ظ ٤٤٥ – أحسن الفتاوى: ایج ایم سعید كمبنى: ج ٤ ص: ٥١

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