Salah at Home with Family

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Assalamualaylum sheikh,
I have a hanafi question,
Can a husband lead the wife in jamaat for salah if there are only two people? Or can a man lead a female perhaps his sister likewise? Or does there need to be another man to pray with jamaat?
Jazakallah khair.


Wa alaykum salam.
It is permissible for a man to pray in congregation with his wife or sister alone. In fact, the basic reward of praying in congregation is attained in this way.
It is better, for the man, to pray in congregation with his wife than alone if he misses congregational prayer in the mosque.
It is better for her to stand completely behind her husband, though it is valid, according to the relied upon opinion, even if she were to stand beside him as long as his heel is in front of hers.
Allah knows best.
قال العلًمة ابن عابدين في “رد المحتار” ) 1 / 396 (: ]لو جمع بأهله لا يكره
وينال فضيلة الجماعة، لكن جماعة المسجد أفض ل
جاء في “فتاوى الإمام قاضي خان” نقالً عن “حاشية ابن عابدين” ) 1 / 752 (: ]الْمَرْأَةُ
إذَا صَلَّتْ مَعَ زَوْجِهَا فِي الْبَيْتِ، إنْ كَانَ قَدَمُهَا بِحِذَاءِ قَدَمِ الزَّوْجِ لَا تَجُوزُ صَلًَتُهُمَا
بِالْجَمَاعَةِ، وَإِنْ كَانَ قَدَمَاهَا خَلْفَ قَدَمِ الزَّوْجِ إلَّا أَنَّهَا طَوِيلَةٌ تَقَعُ رَأْسُ الْمَرْأَةِ فِي
السُّجُودِ قِبَلَ رَأْسِ الزَّوْجِ جَازَتْ صَلًَتُهُمَا لِأَنَّ الْعِبْرَةَ لِلْقَدَمِ؛ أَلَا تَرَى أَنَّ صَيْدَ الْحَرَمِ إذ ا
كَانَ رِجْلًَهُ خَارِجَ الْحَرَمِ وَرَأْسُهُ فِي الْحَرَمِ يَحِلُّ أَخْذُهُ، وَإِنْ كَانَ عَلَى الْعَكْسِ لَا يَحِلُّ

Answered by Shaykh Mohammed Shakeeb

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