Tahara and Dogs
I have a question regarding DOGS – I’ve sadly observed that some of our brothers & sisters believe dog’s are najis – even treating dog’s poorly & with disrespectfully!
Surely this is wrong!
From Authentic haddiths I’m only aware of 2 topics regarding dog’s
1. That it is najis to eat from a bowel that a dog has eaten from but must be washed 6 times dirt 1 water
2. It’s forbiden for Dog’s to live inside a home but can be kept for farming or guarding a property.
However this doesn’t mean the dog itself is najis how can a creation of Allah SWT be najis!
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) allowed people to keep dogs for hunting, herding and farming.
There is a difference of opinion as to whether it is permissible to keep dogs for purposes other than these three, such as for guarding houses and roads. The most correct view is that it is permissible, by analogy with these three based on the reason of necessity.
With regard to dogs being najis (impure), there are three views among the scholars:
1 – That they are taahir (pure), even their saliva. This is the view of Maalik.
2 – That they are naajis (impure), even their hair. This is the view of the Shafi school and one view of Imam Ahmad.
3 – Their hair is taahir but their saliva is najis. This is the view of Imam Abu Haneefah and also of Imam Ahmad according to one narration.
The fact that a dog may be ruled as najis for the sake of us maintaining ritual purity, it does not mean that they should be treated poorly. Our religion is one of mercy, compassion and love. There are numerous
narrations in our books of traditions which mention instances of people attaining forgiveness from Allah for giving water to thirsty dogs, despite being in need themselves.
Muslims are duty bound to treat animals in a humane and merciful manner.
Answered by Mohammed Shakeeb